On 29th July Union Cabinet approved the New Education Policy-2020 which proposes many big changes to the Indian Education System. This is the Third time in the history of Independent India an education policy is published. Addressing the Smart India Hackathon Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the National Education Policy announced by the central government gave emphasis on making Job creaters instead of Job seekers. But what is the New Education policy all about we will analyse it and show the different perspective of it.
New Education policy will encourage the Foreign universities to come in India. Hundred world class University will be requested to set up their tutorial centres in India. It did not stated that how will Government define the TOP 100 universities. It may define by the ‘QS World University Rankings’ as it has relied on it in the past for selecting University for Institute of Eminence Status. But it can have a adverse effect on the education system as a whole because many Students will look for these Universities as greater quality centre that can decrease the value of Indian Universities.
This Education Policy says that below the age of 12 from the standard 6TH the child should do Vocational Trainings and internship. Many internship are of Unpaid basis and there is very low possibility that students of that low age will get internship on Paid basis. So this decision will make a bad effect on the poor children who has to suffer to get the daily food each day.
In this education policy it is written that it will give more thrust on Experimental learning and critical thinking. This policy pitches for a 5+3+3+4 design replacing the 10+2 structure in school education. In 3-8 Years a student will be in Foundation stage. 8-11 years age will be for preparatory stage. 11-14 years of age will be for Middle stage. 14-18 years of age will be for secondary stage. Students will get mid day meal till the end of preparatory school.
There will be progress card which will instruct any student’s Holistic 360 degree, Multi dimensional report and it will reflect the progress and uniqueness of each learner in great details. In this decision there can be Positive impacts because yearly exams Judges the capability of a student minorly.
National Testing Agency will be a Autonomous body which will conduct a common general aptitude test for college admission. Which will increase the education based on coaching.
A student can take any subject with no restriction . There will be no categories like Science, Arts, Commerce. A student can take Subject combination like Mathematics with International relations and physics with fashion design. But the main problem is many subjects are quite interlinked like a student will only shine in physics if he has good knowledge in Mathematics.
Education policy changed the 3 years of bachelors degree into 4 years of Multi disciplinary Under graduate programme with multiple exit option. According to the document all universities should try to be Multi disciplinary by 2040. This can decrease the depth of a specific subject learning. If any person gets drop out after studying one year he or she will get a certificate. If that person completes 2 year that person will get a Diploma certificate. Academic credits will be saved so that it enables the students who drops out who resume their programme without taking fresh admission.
National Research federation will be started to develop the Research quality in the country.
Ministry of Human Resource and development will be changed into Ministry of education.
This education policy will be implemented by centre and state together. But the things remains poor will get the benefits of this policy if Government invests Minimum 6-7% of the national GDP. On 2013-2014 financial year 0.71% spent and On 2018-19 0.54% of the GDP had been spent. Without fund and proper government help many benefits will be concentrated among few people.
-Blog Written by Subhodip Chatterjee.